Dental implant is a titanium-based surgical component to support dental prosthesis. Dental implants are surgically placed in your jawbone, where they serve as the roots of missing teeth. In single tooth restorations, a dental implant replaces a single tooth without sacrificing the health of neighbouring teeth, and the other common treatment for the loss of a single tooth, a tooth-supported fixed bridge, requires that adjacent teeth be ground down to support the cemented bridge. In cases of toothlessness (condition of having no teeth), it is possible to stabilize removable prosthesis (dentures) thanks to implants, which can be difficult to use especially in the lower jaw, and tend to move and shift continuously in the mouth.
In dentistry, the completion of the prosthesis at the end of implant treatment takes longer than the other treatments, because it is necessary to wait for 2.5 to 4 months for the titanium structure to integrate with the bone, and if any intervention is made on the jawbone or if the sinus cavity is removed in the upper jaw we have to wait for 6 months. However, the results obtained at the end of this period are very pleasant and much longer lasting.
Toothless patients’ dentures lose conformity after for years because of continuing alteration of bone. So, this denture starts to remove. There must be fixed base if dentures are done over the implants. Thus, it is not act inside your mouth. This way is the best for patients who do not want to removable denture.
Operations performed under local anaesthesia by injecting local anaesthesia to the area where the dental implant will be placed thus It is a painless procedure. The healing process is overcome by taking the prescribed medications before the operation, using antiseptic mouthwashes after the procedure and good oral care.
Implant treatment is suitable most of the patients, but in some conditions like inadequate bone tissue, soft tissue level, large maxillary sinus etc, patient needs additional surgery before implant surgery. Also, in some metabolic diseases (uncontrolled diabetic type 2) and drug usage (anticoagulant etc) there must be regulations and controls before implant surgery. Heavy smoking also makes the implant procedure harder.